According to Bryan College Station Chiropractic Expert and Board Certified Chiropractic orthopedist David Bailey, as individuals age, they start to complain more of discomforts in their muscles as well as joints. They seem to stiffen up with age, and also such typical activities as picking up the morning paper could make them suffer some significant pain.
Such discomfort could be so bad that they feel it begins deep in their bones. Yet the real cause of stiffness and also discomfort exists not in the joints or bones, says research at the Johns Hopkins Medical School, but in the soft tissues that stabilize and move the joints.
Stiff joints create inflammation when moved to a certain extent, and this causes the pain and swelling in the joints. Click to read more on Dr. Bailey's website.
Flexibility is the medical term used to describe the value of a joint's motion from complete motion in one direction to complete motion in the opposite way. The better the range of motion (ROM), the much more flexible the joint.
If you bend forward at the hips and also touch your toes with your fingertips, you have great ROM of the hip joints. But is that motion easy and without pain? The effort needed to bend a joint is equally as crucial as its range of movement.
Various elements limit the ROM and also ease of activity in various joints and also muscles. In the joint such as the knee, the bony structure itself establishes a certain limitation. In other joints, such as the ankle joint, hip, and back, the soft tissue-- muscular tissue as well as connective tissue-- limit the motion not the bones.
When people do not use their joints to their full ROM, then they gradually lose the ability to do that very task. Over time the joints get stiff, and eventually their ability to move about, dress themselves, do personal care like toileting gets lost. Their independence is lost. They must ask for assistance for even the most private of personal care.
Exactly what occurs next is that the muscle mass end up being reduced with long term disuse as well as produces convulsions as well as aches that can be irritating and incredibly uncomfortable. The immobilization of muscles, as researchers have actually demonstrated with laboratory animals, brings about biochemical adjustments in the tissue.
However, other aspects trigger aching muscular tissues. Below are several of them:
1. Exercising Beyond Capacity
Have you always believed on the saying, No pain, no gain? If you do, then, it is not so surprising if you have already experienced sore muscles.
The problem with most people is that they exercise too much thinking that it is the fastest and the surest way to lose weight. Until they ache, they tend to ignore their muscles and connective tissue, even though they are what quite literally holds the body together.
2. Aging and Inactivity
Connective tissue binds muscle to bone by tendons, binds bone to bone by ligaments, and covers and unites muscles with sheaths called fasciae. With age, the tendons, ligaments, and fasciae become less extensible. The tendons, with their densely packed fibers, are the most difficult to stretch. The easiest are the fasciae. But if they are not stretched to improve joint mobility, the fasciae shorten, placing undue pressure on the nerve pathways in the muscle fasciae. Many aches and pains are the result of nerve impulses traveling along these pressured pathways.
Sore muscles or muscle pain can be excruciating, owing to the bodys reaction to a cramp or ache. In this reaction, called the splinting reflex, the body automatically immobilizes a sore muscle by making it contract. Thus, a sore muscle can set off a vicious cycle pain.
First, an unused muscle becomes sore from exercise or being held in an unusual position. The body then responds with the splinting reflex, shortening the connective tissue around the muscle. This cause more pain, and eventually the whole area is aching. One of the most common sites for this problem is the lumbar spine area.
4. Spasm Theory
In the physiology laboratory at the University of Southern California, some people have set out to learn more about this cycle of pain.
They measured electrical activity in the muscles. The researchers knew that normal, well-relaxed muscles produce no electrical activity, whereas, muscles that are not fully relaxed show considerable activity.
In one experiment, the researchers measured these electrical signals in the muscles of persons with athletic injuries, first with the muscle immobilized, and then, after the muscle had been stretched.
In almost every case, exercises that stretched or lengthened the muscle diminished electrical activity and relieved pain, either totally or partially.
These experiments led to the spasm theory, an explanation of the development and persistence of muscle pain in the absence of any obvious cause, such as traumatic injury.
According to this theory, a muscle that is overworked or used in an improper position becomes fatigued and as a result, muscle pain arises.
Hence, it is extremely important to know the limitations and capacity of the muscles in order to avoid sore muscles. This goes to show that there is no truth in the saying, No pain, no gain. What matters most is on how people stay fit by exercising regularly at a normal range than once rarely but on a rigid routine.
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